In this section we demonstrate how to prepare an environment with PyTorch.

MMPretrain works on Linux, Windows and macOS. It requires Python 3.7+, CUDA 10.2+ and PyTorch 1.8+.


If you are experienced with PyTorch and have already installed it, just skip this part and jump to the next section. Otherwise, you can follow these steps for the preparation.

Step 1. Download and install Miniconda from the official website.

Step 2. Create a conda environment and activate it.

conda create --name openmmlab python=3.8 -y
conda activate openmmlab

Step 3. Install PyTorch following official instructions, e.g.

On GPU platforms:

conda install pytorch torchvision -c pytorch


This command will automatically install the latest version PyTorch and cudatoolkit, please check whether they match your environment.

On CPU platforms:

conda install pytorch torchvision cpuonly -c pytorch


Best Practices

According to your needs, we support two install modes:

  • Install from source (Recommended): You want to develop your own network or new features based on MMPretrain framework. For example, adding new datasets or new backbones. And you can use all tools we provided.

  • Install as a Python package: You just want to call MMPretrain’s APIs or import MMPretrain’s modules in your project.

Install from source

In this case, install mmpretrain from source:

git clone
cd mmpretrain
pip install -U openmim && mim install -e .


"-e" means installing a project in editable mode, thus any local modifications made to the code will take effect without reinstallation.

Install as a Python package

Just install with mim.

pip install -U openmim && mim install "mmpretrain>=1.0.0rc8"


mim is a light-weight command-line tool to setup appropriate environment for OpenMMLab repositories according to PyTorch and CUDA version. It also has some useful functions for deep-learning experiments.

Install multi-modality support (Optional)

The multi-modality models in MMPretrain requires extra dependencies. To install these dependencies, you can add [multimodal] during the installation. For example:

# Install from source
mim install -e ".[multimodal]"

# Install as a Python package
mim install "mmpretrain[multimodal]>=1.0.0rc8"

Verify the installation

To verify whether MMPretrain is installed correctly, we provide some sample codes to run an inference demo.

Option (a). If you install mmpretrain from the source, just run the following command:

python demo/ demo/demo.JPEG resnet18_8xb32_in1k --device cpu

You will see the output result dict including pred_label, pred_score and pred_class in your terminal.

Option (b). If you install mmpretrain as a python package, open your python interpreter and copy&paste the following codes.

from mmpretrain import get_model, inference_model

model = get_model('resnet18_8xb32_in1k', device='cpu')  # or device='cuda:0'
inference_model(model, 'demo/demo.JPEG')

You will see a dict printed, including the predicted label, score and category name.


The resnet18_8xb32_in1k is the model name, and you can use mmpretrain.list_models to explore all models, or search them on the Model Zoo Summary

Customize Installation

CUDA versions

When installing PyTorch, you need to specify the version of CUDA. If you are not clear on which to choose, follow our recommendations:

  • For Ampere-based NVIDIA GPUs, such as GeForce 30 series and NVIDIA A100, CUDA 11 is a must.

  • For older NVIDIA GPUs, CUDA 11 is backward compatible, but CUDA 10.2 offers better compatibility and is more lightweight.

Please make sure the GPU driver satisfies the minimum version requirements. See this table for more information.


Installing CUDA runtime libraries is enough if you follow our best practices, because no CUDA code will be compiled locally. However if you hope to compile MMCV from source or develop other CUDA operators, you need to install the complete CUDA toolkit from NVIDIA’s website, and its version should match the CUDA version of PyTorch. i.e., the specified version of cudatoolkit in conda install command.

Install on CPU-only platforms

MMPretrain can be built for CPU only environment. In CPU mode you can train, test or inference a model.

Install on Google Colab

See the Colab tutorial.

Using MMPretrain with Docker

We provide a Dockerfile to build an image. Ensure that your docker version >=19.03.

# build an image with PyTorch 1.12.1, CUDA 11.3
# If you prefer other versions, just modified the Dockerfile
docker build -t mmpretrain docker/

Run it with

docker run --gpus all --shm-size=8g -it -v {DATA_DIR}:/mmpretrain/data mmpretrain

Trouble shooting

If you have some issues during the installation, please first view the FAQ page. You may open an issue on GitHub if no solution is found.

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